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In the fast-paced and ever-changing world of investing, understanding share market terminology is paramount for any investor seeking success. Whether you are a seasoned trader or on your journey to learn stock market trading, a firm grasp of essential share market terms can make a significant difference in your investment decisions. Jamdhan, a leading stock market learning hub, recognizes the importance of education and offers online courses related to the share market and trading. In this blog, we will delve into key share market terms that every investor should know to enhance their investment journey.

Share Market Basics

At its core, the share market, also known as the stock market, is a marketplace where buyers and sellers come together to trade shares of publicly listed companies. It serves as a vital platform for companies to raise capital by issuing shares to the public. As investors, you can buy these shares, which represent ownership in the company, and potentially earn profits through dividends or capital appreciation.

Within the share market, there are two primary segments – the primary market and the secondary market. The primary market is where Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) take place. During an IPO, a company offers its shares to the public for the first time, allowing investors to become part-owners of the company. On the other hand, the secondary market facilitates the trading of already issued shares between investors. This continuous buying and selling of shares on exchanges form the heartbeat of the stock market.

Common Stock and Preferred Stock

Common stock and preferred stock are the two main types of shares available in the stock market. Common stockholders have voting rights and the potential for higher returns, as they are entitled to a share of the company’s profits through dividends. Preferred stockholders, on the other hand, have a higher claim on the company’s assets and receive dividends before common stockholders. However, they usually do not possess voting rights.

Key Share Market Terms

To learn stock market trading, you need to have a thorough knowledge of its process and how it works. Below are some essential terms that will make things easy for you when navigating the share market.


A stock represents ownership in a company and can be bought or sold in the share market.


A share is a single unit of ownership in a company, which entitles the shareholder to a portion of the company’s profits and assets.


Equity is the value of a company’s shares owned by its shareholders, representing their ownership interest in the company.


A dividend is a portion of a company’s profits that is distributed to its shareholders.

IPO (Initial Public Offering)

An IPO is the first time a company offers its shares to the public for purchase.

Market Capitalization

Market capitalization is the total value of a company’s outstanding shares, calculated by multiplying the stock’s current price by the total number of shares.

Bull Market and Bear Market

A bull market is characterized by rising stock prices and investor optimism, while a bear market is marked by falling prices and pessimism.

Blue-Chip Stocks

Blue-chip stocks are shares of well-established, financially stable, and reputable companies with a history of steady performance.

Penny Stocks

Penny stocks are low-priced stocks of small companies, often considered riskier due to their low market capitalization.

Jamdhan: Your Share Market Educational Partner

Jamdhan is an esteemed stock market learning hub that aims to equip investors with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate the complex world of share market trading. Through its online courses tailored for beginners and experienced traders alike, Jamdhan empowers its students with in-depth insights into market trends, trading strategies, and risk management.

By choosing Jamdhan as your share market academy, you gain access to valuable resources, live sessions with market experts, and a supportive community of like-minded investors. Don’t just take our word for it; hear from our satisfied students who have reaped the benefits of our courses and achieved success in their investment endeavors.


As an investor, your journey in the share market can be immensely rewarding with the right knowledge and understanding of key terms. Continuous learning is vital in the ever-evolving world of finance and investment. Jamdhan, the leading stock market learning hub, stands ready to be your educational partner on this enriching journey. Through their comprehensive stock market courses for beginners and experienced traders, Jamdhan enables investors to sharpen their skills and enhance their share market success.

So, seize the opportunity to learn stock market trading with Jamdhan and set yourself on a path to financial prosperity. Remember, knowledge is power, and with the right guidance, your investment potential knows no bounds.

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